Personality Systems Compared

Today there exist many systems for categorizing personality traits into meaningful patterns, most of which trace their roots back to Carl Jung's psychological type theory

Personality Systems Compared

Observing Human Behavior

One of the most notable contributions to temperament theory dates back to 460 BC, made by Hippocrates (often referred to as the “father of western medicine”). He observed that people in general seemed to have one of four humors, or approaches to life. This discernment of four groupings is a common theme that connects many of the most predominant personality theories.
Today, there exist many different systems for categorizing personality traits into meaningful patterns. Each of these systems tends to use their own special vocabulary – such as letter codes, colors, names of Greek Gods, or other terms – to describe the four fundamental temperaments. Below are helpful charts for comparing some of the many names used to describe the four temperaments.

Approximate Comparison of Systems

Letter-Code Systems

The most popular letter-code systems for temperament identification are the Myers-Briggs and Keirsey systems. The chart below shows how Myers-Briggs and Keirsey relate to Personality Lingo.

Personality Lingo

Connector
Planner
Thinker
Mover

Myers - Briggs 

ENFJ, INFJ,
ENFP, INFP
ESTJ, ISTJ
ESFJ, ISFJ
ENTJ, INTJ
ENTP, INTP
ESFP, ISFP
ESTP, ISTP

Keirsey Temperament

NF
SJ
NT
SP

Color Systems

Hippocrates was perhaps the first to reference color in connection with his four humors. Over the years there have been numerous systems that have carried on with this approach and attached a color label to a particular personality: Personality Dimensions, Don Lowry’s True Colors, Real Colors and many more. The table below reviews a sampling of those systems and how they correlate to Personality Lingo:

Personality Lingo

Connector
Planner
Thinker
Mover

Hippocrates

Clear

Black
Yellow
Red

Don Lowry's True Colors

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Personality Dimensions

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Insight Learning

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Four Lenses

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Four Windows

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Real Colors

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Spectrum Temperaments

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Personality Resources

Blue
Gold
Green
Orange

Color Code

Blue
White
Red
Yellow

Herrmann Brain

Red
Green
Blue
Yellow

Ritberger

Green
Orange
Yellow
Red

Birkman

Green
Red
Blue
Yellow

Word-Descriptor Systems

From the names of Greek Gods to the seasons of the year and even animals, many systems have come up with creative names for describing the same thing, the four fundamental personality styles

Personality Lingo

Connector
Planner
Thinker
Mover

Hippocrates/Galen

Phlegmatic
Choleric
Melancholic
Sanguine

Carl Jung

Intuition/Feeling
Sensing(/Judging*)
Intuition/Thinking
Sensing(/Perceiving*)

Seasons/Elements

Winter/Water
Summer/Fire
Autumn/Earth
Spring/Air

Keirsey/Bates

Apollonian
Epimethean
Promethean
Dionysian

Keirsey

Idealist
Guardian
Rational
Artisan

Inner Heros

Helper
Planner
Thinker
Doer

Helen Fisher

Negotiator
(Estrogen/Oxytocin)

Builder
(Serotonin)

Director
(Testosterone)

Explorer
(Dopamine)

Helen Scully

Facilitator
Organizer
Innovator
Liberator

Character Champions

Blue Dolphin
Gold Ant
Green Owl
Orange Wolf
* Jung did not explicitly mention a judging or perceiving attitude. The terms Judging and Perceiving were extrapolated from Jung’s work by Myers-Briggs.

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